कल पेश करेंगे सरकार बनाने का दावा: NCP

 कल पेश करेंगे सरकार बनाने का दावा: NCP    शिवसेना, राष्ट्रवादी Congress Party और Congress शुक्रवार देर रात या शनिवार सुबह में  Maharashtra l में सरकार बनाने का दावा पेश करने जा रही हैं। NCP प्रवक्ता नवाब मलिक ने गठबंधन allianceपर स्थिति स्पष्ट करते हुए कहा है कि
Caste composition People of various Maharashtrian castes worked together in the Sena. The party's leaders mostly came from the so-called "high castes" i.e. Brahmins, CKPs and Pathare Prabhus - Thackerey, Manohar Joshi, Sudhir Joshi, Balwant Mantri, Dr Hemchandra Gupte, Shyam Deshmukh, Madhav Deshpande, Datta Pradhan, Vijay Parvatkar, Madhukar Sarpotdar and Pramod Navalkar.[36] One of the above-mentioned leaders, Dr.Hemchandra Gupte, Mayor of Bombay in the early 70s and the former family physician and confidante of Thackeray, quit Shivsena in "disgust" citing importance given to money, violence committed by the Shivsainiks and Thackeray's support for Mrs.Gandhi during the 1975 emergency.[37]  There were also leaders from other castes such as Dattaji Salvi, Dattaji Nalawade and Wamanrao Mahadik, and those from the so-called lower castes such as Chaggan Bhujbal, Leeladhar Dake, Bhai Shingre and Vijay Gaonkar.[36]  Over the years, other than the Sena Chief, there have been twelve senior leaders in the party, called 'Netas'. Out of these, eight have been upper caste (four Brahmins, two CKPs and two Pathare Prabhus). Others have been either Maratha (Dattaji Salvi), Shimpi (Wamanrao Mahadik), Agri (Leeladhar Dake) or Mali (Chaggan Bhujbal). In fact, Bhujbal quit the party accusing the Sena of upper-caste bias in the leadership.[36]  The number of dalits were also not insignificant. And even after the Sena opposed the reservations proposed by the Mandal commission, there was no dent in the percentage of OBCs in the Sena. In this way, the Sena was successful in uniting all Maharashtrians irrespective of caste under the common "Marathi umbrella". The agenda of preferential treatment for the "sons of the soil" i.e. Maharashtrians brought them all together.[36]  Voter base Shiv Sena's strength mainly came from the support of the Maratha caste - which it drew away from the Congress.[25] Citing the large percentage of MLAs elected from Shiv Sena belonging to the Maratha caste, Vora from the University of Pune concludes that the Shiv Sena has been emerging as a "Maratha Party".[38]  Chief Ministers See also: List of Chief Ministers of Maharashtra Manohar Joshi - 14 March 1995 to 31 January 1999, was also Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament of India. Narayan Rane - 1 February 1999 to October 1999 Shiv Sena ministers in central Government Manohar Joshi: Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, 13th Speaker of the Lok Sabha Anandrao Vithoba Adsul: Ministry of Finance and Company Affairs Suresh Prabhu :Minister of Fertilizers and Chemicals, Ministry of Power, Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Anant Geete: Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, Minister of Power Arvind Sawant: Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Electoral performance Election Candidates Elected Votes Source 1971 Lok Sabha 5  227,468 [39] 1980 Lok Sabha 2  129,351 [40] 1989 Lok Sabha 3 1 339,426 [41] 1989 Goa Assembly 6   4,960 [42] 1991 Uttar Pradesh Assembly 14 1 45,426 [43] 1991 Lok Sabha 22 4 2,208,712 [44] 1993 Madhya Pradesh Assembly 88  75,783 [45] 1996 Lok Sabha 132 15 4,989,994 [46] 1996 Haryana Assembly 17  6,700 [47] 1997 Punjab Assembly 3  719 [48] 1998 Lok Sabha 79 6 6,528,566 [49] 1998 Delhi Assembly 32  9,395 [50] 1998 Himachal Pradesh Assembly 6  2,827 [51] 1999 Lok Sabha 63 15 5,672,412 [52] 1999 Goa Assembly 14   5,987 [53] 2000 Odisha Assembly 16   18,794 [54] 2001 Kerala Assembly 1   279 [55] 2002 Goa Assembly 15     2004 Lok Sabha 56 12 7,056,255 [56] 2009 Lok Sabha 22 11 6,828,382 [57] 2014 Lok Sabha 20 18 10,262,981 [56] 1990 Maharashtra Assembly 183 52 47,33,834(16.39%)  1995 Maharashtra Assembly 169 73 6315493(16.39%)  1999 Maharashtra Assembly 169 69 (17.33%)  2004 Maharashtra Assembly 163 62 8351654 (19,97%)  2009 Maharashtra Assembly 160 45   2014 Maharashtra Assembly 286 63 10,235,972  2015 Bihar Assembly 80 0 2,11,131 [58][59] 2017 Goa Assembly 3 0 792 [60][61] 2019 Lok Sabha 23 18 12,589,064  Activities and criticism The Sena says it has played a central role in the emancipation of 500,000 slum dwellers in the Dharavi area of Mumbai, the largest slum in Asia. However, the policy of giving free houses to slum dwellers has been controversial since it was introduced by the then Shiv Sena-BJP government.[62][63][64][further explanation needed]  In 1970s, Shiv Sena was opposed the Namantar Andolan, a Dalit-led movement to change the name of Marathwada University in Aurangabad to "Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar University", and supported views of conservative Marathas.[65]  In 1996, Shiv Sena organised the first and only live concert of American pop icon Michael Jackson in India to raise the funds for its business wing and to help create over two-hundred seventy thousand jobs for people of Maharashtra.[66][67]  In December 2003, Shiv Sena activists damaged the cricket pitch of the Agra Sport Stadium which was supposed to host the cricket match between Pakistan and India.[68] In April 2005, Bharatiya Vidyarthi Sena, the student wing of Shiv Sena, attempted to prevent the India-Pakistan One-day international match being held in New Delhi. The protester's spokesman demanded:  India should not play cricket with Pakistan till it hands over to India 20 terrorists, including Dawood Ibrahim, and closes down militant training camps running there.[69]  On 20 November 2009, Shiv Sena activists attacked and vandalised the offices of Hindi and Marathi TV news channels IBN7 and IBN-Lokmat, located in Mumbai and Pune respectively. The Shivsainik slapped IBN7's senior editor Ravindra Ambekar and then attacked IBN-Lokmat's editor Nikhil Wagle. Shiv Sena attributed the attacks to the criticisms of Bal Thackeray by the news channel over his remarks on Sachin Tendulkar. Shiv Sena's Rajya Sabha MP Sanjay Raut described the attacks as "spontaneous". Shiv Sena spokespersons tried to justify the attacks and refused to apologize for their acts of violence.[70][71][72]  Shiv Sena got an entry in Guinness Book of World Records in 2010 for "collecting maximum blood in a day". Shiv Sena organized a blood donation camp which collected over 24,000 bottles of blood in a single day.[73][74] Later this world record was broken by a blood donation camp of HDFC Bank in 2014.[75]  In October 2015, Shiv Sena issued threats which enforced a ban on a scheduled concert by Pakistani classic singer Ghulam Ali. The move was adopted to appease anti-Pakistan constituents to vote for Sena in coming elections.[76] However, in 2015 Pakistan urged the international community to take note of the activities of Shiv Sena,[77] while Shiv Sena claimed that criticism of Shiv Sena by Pakistan vindicates "our patriotism".[78]  On 19 October 2015, Shiv Sena activists attacked and vandalised the office of BCCI to stop a meeting between PCB and BCCI officials. The activists shouted anti-Pakistan slogans and held posters that read 'Shahryar Khan go back', determined to stop Manohar from meeting his Pakistani counterpart. Shiv Sena has also threatened to stop Pakistan's Aleem Dar from officiating in the fifth and final ODI between India and South Africa.[79]  In 2015 Shiv Sena announced 10,000 rupees help to each drought-affected farmer of Marathwada region,[80] while they also announced 2 lakh rupees "reward" to Hindus family who had 5 children between 2010 and 2015 in Uttar Pradesh. As per Shiv Sena, the reason behind the "reward" was "decline in growth rate of Hindu population compared to Muslim population as per recent census".[81][82]  In April 2019, party member Sanjay Raut called for the burka to be banned.[83][84]  During the 2018 Maharashtra Council election and the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, many candidates fielded by Shiv Sena had criminal records or had criminal charges pending against them.[85][86]Caste composition People of various Maharashtrian castes worked together in the Sena. The party's leaders mostly came from the so-called "high castes" i.e. Brahmins, CKPs and Pathare Prabhus - Thackerey, Manohar Joshi, Sudhir Joshi, Balwant Mantri, Dr Hemchandra Gupte, Shyam Deshmukh, Madhav Deshpande, Datta Pradhan, Vijay Parvatkar, Madhukar Sarpotdar and Pramod Navalkar.[36] One of the above-mentioned leaders, Dr.Hemchandra Gupte, Mayor of Bombay in the early 70s and the former family physician and confidante of Thackeray, quit Shivsena in "disgust" citing importance given to money, violence committed by the Shivsainiks and Thackeray's support for Mrs.Gandhi during the 1975 emergency.[37]  There were also leaders from other castes such as Dattaji Salvi, Dattaji Nalawade and Wamanrao Mahadik, and those from the so-called lower castes such as Chaggan Bhujbal, Leeladhar Dake, Bhai Shingre and Vijay Gaonkar.[36]  Over the years, other than the Sena Chief, there have been twelve senior leaders in the party, called 'Netas'. Out of these, eight have been upper caste (four Brahmins, two CKPs and two Pathare Prabhus). Others have been either Maratha (Dattaji Salvi), Shimpi (Wamanrao Mahadik), Agri (Leeladhar Dake) or Mali (Chaggan Bhujbal). In fact, Bhujbal quit the party accusing the Sena of upper-caste bias in the leadership.[36]  The number of dalits were also not insignificant. And even after the Sena opposed the reservations proposed by the Mandal commission, there was no dent in the percentage of OBCs in the Sena. In this way, the Sena was successful in uniting all Maharashtrians irrespective of caste under the common "Marathi umbrella". The agenda of preferential treatment for the "sons of the soil" i.e. Maharashtrians brought them all together.[36]  Voter base Shiv Sena's strength mainly came from the support of the Maratha caste - which it drew away from the Congress.[25] Citing the large percentage of MLAs elected from Shiv Sena belonging to the Maratha caste, Vora from the University of Pune concludes that the Shiv Sena has been emerging as a "Maratha Party".[38]  Chief Ministers See also: List of Chief Ministers of Maharashtra Manohar Joshi - 14 March 1995 to 31 January 1999, was also Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament of India. Narayan Rane - 1 February 1999 to October 1999 Shiv Sena ministers in central Government Manohar Joshi: Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, 13th Speaker of the Lok Sabha Anandrao Vithoba Adsul: Ministry of Finance and Company Affairs Suresh Prabhu :Minister of Fertilizers and Chemicals, Ministry of Power, Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Anant Geete: Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, Minister of Power Arvind Sawant: Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Electoral performance Election Candidates Elected Votes Source 1971 Lok Sabha 5  227,468 [39] 1980 Lok Sabha 2  129,351 [40] 1989 Lok Sabha 3 1 339,426 [41] 1989 Goa Assembly 6   4,960 [42] 1991 Uttar Pradesh Assembly 14 1 45,426 [43] 1991 Lok Sabha 22 4 2,208,712 [44] 1993 Madhya Pradesh Assembly 88  75,783 [45] 1996 Lok Sabha 132 15 4,989,994 [46] 1996 Haryana Assembly 17  6,700 [47] 1997 Punjab Assembly 3  719 [48] 1998 Lok Sabha 79 6 6,528,566 [49] 1998 Delhi Assembly 32  9,395 [50] 1998 Himachal Pradesh Assembly 6  2,827 [51] 1999 Lok Sabha 63 15 5,672,412 [52] 1999 Goa Assembly 14   5,987 [53] 2000 Odisha Assembly 16   18,794 [54] 2001 Kerala Assembly 1   279 [55] 2002 Goa Assembly 15     2004 Lok Sabha 56 12 7,056,255 [56] 2009 Lok Sabha 22 11 6,828,382 [57] 2014 Lok Sabha 20 18 10,262,981 [56] 1990 Maharashtra Assembly 183 52 47,33,834(16.39%)  1995 Maharashtra Assembly 169 73 6315493(16.39%)  1999 Maharashtra Assembly 169 69 (17.33%)  2004 Maharashtra Assembly 163 62 8351654 (19,97%)  2009 Maharashtra Assembly 160 45   2014 Maharashtra Assembly 286 63 10,235,972  2015 Bihar Assembly 80 0 2,11,131 [58][59] 2017 Goa Assembly 3 0 792 [60][61] 2019 Lok Sabha 23 18 12,589,064  Activities and criticism The Sena says it has played a central role in the emancipation of 500,000 slum dwellers in the Dharavi area of Mumbai, the largest slum in Asia. However, the policy of giving free houses to slum dwellers has been controversial since it was introduced by the then Shiv Sena-BJP government.[62][63][64][further explanation needed]  In 1970s, Shiv Sena was opposed the Namantar Andolan, a Dalit-led movement to change the name of Marathwada University in Aurangabad to "Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar University", and supported views of conservative Marathas.[65]  In 1996, Shiv Sena organised the first and only live concert of American pop icon Michael Jackson in India to raise the funds for its business wing and to help create over two-hundred seventy thousand jobs for people of Maharashtra.[66][67]  In December 2003, Shiv Sena activists damaged the cricket pitch of the Agra Sport Stadium which was supposed to host the cricket match between Pakistan and India.[68] In April 2005, Bharatiya Vidyarthi Sena, the student wing of Shiv Sena, attempted to prevent the India-Pakistan One-day international match being held in New Delhi. The protester's spokesman demanded:  India should not play cricket with Pakistan till it hands over to India 20 terrorists, including Dawood Ibrahim, and closes down militant training camps running there.[69]  On 20 November 2009, Shiv Sena activists attacked and vandalised the offices of Hindi and Marathi TV news channels IBN7 and IBN-Lokmat, located in Mumbai and Pune respectively. The Shivsainik slapped IBN7's senior editor Ravindra Ambekar and then attacked IBN-Lokmat's editor Nikhil Wagle. Shiv Sena attributed the attacks to the criticisms of Bal Thackeray by the news channel over his remarks on Sachin Tendulkar. Shiv Sena's Rajya Sabha MP Sanjay Raut described the attacks as "spontaneous". Shiv Sena spokespersons tried to justify the attacks and refused to apologize for their acts of violence.[70][71][72]  Shiv Sena got an entry in Guinness Book of World Records in 2010 for "collecting maximum blood in a day". Shiv Sena organized a blood donation camp which collected over 24,000 bottles of blood in a single day.[73][74] Later this world record was broken by a blood donation camp of HDFC Bank in 2014.[75]  In October 2015, Shiv Sena issued threats which enforced a ban on a scheduled concert by Pakistani classic singer Ghulam Ali. The move was adopted to appease anti-Pakistan constituents to vote for Sena in coming elections.[76] However, in 2015 Pakistan urged the international community to take note of the activities of Shiv Sena,[77] while Shiv Sena claimed that criticism of Shiv Sena by Pakistan vindicates "our patriotism".[78]  On 19 October 2015, Shiv Sena activists attacked and vandalised the office of BCCI to stop a meeting between PCB and BCCI officials. The activists shouted anti-Pakistan slogans and held posters that read 'Shahryar Khan go back', determined to stop Manohar from meeting his Pakistani counterpart. Shiv Sena has also threatened to stop Pakistan's Aleem Dar from officiating in the fifth and final ODI between India and South Africa.[79]  In 2015 Shiv Sena announced 10,000 rupees help to each drought-affected farmer of Marathwada region,[80] while they also announced 2 lakh rupees "reward" to Hindus family who had 5 children between 2010 and 2015 in Uttar Pradesh. As per Shiv Sena, the reason behind the "reward" was "decline in growth rate of Hindu population compared to Muslim population as per recent census".[81][82]  In April 2019, party member Sanjay Raut called for the burka to be banned.[83][84]  During the 2018 Maharashtra Council election and the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, many candidates fielded by Shiv Sena had criminal records or had criminal charges pending against them.[85][86]As the Pramukh (Chief) of the party, Bal Thackeray took all major decisions while the activists and members of the Shiv Sena Shiv Sainiks carried out most of the party's grassroots work. During his last days, the day-to-day activities of the party were handled by his youngest son Uddhav Thackeray. Aditya Thackeray, son of Uddhav Thackeray, became the leader of the Yuva Sena, the Youth Wing of the party. After Bal Thackerey's death in 2012, the party was de facto led by Uddhav Thackeray.[citation needed]  The Sena Bhavan located in the Dadar locality in Mumbai has served as the Headquarters of the Sena since 1976.[34] The Sena's shakhas (Branches) spread throughout the state of Maharashtra as well as in selected locations in other states, which decide on most of the local issues in their localities.[15]  The Sthaniya Lokadhikar Samiti[clarification needed] is affiliated with the Shiv Sena. It advocates the preservation of rights of employment for Maharashtrians in Maharashtra.[35]  Caste composition People of various Maharashtrian castes worked together in the Sena. The party's leaders mostly came from the so-called "high castes" i.e. Brahmins, CKPs and Pathare Prabhus - Thackerey, Manohar Joshi, Sudhir Joshi, Balwant Mantri, Dr Hemchandra Gupte, Shyam Deshmukh, Madhav Deshpande, Datta Pradhan, Vijay Parvatkar, Madhukar Sarpotdar and Pramod Navalkar.[36] One of the above-mentioned leaders, Dr.Hemchandra Gupte, Mayor of Bombay in the early 70s and the former family physician and confidante of Thackeray, quit Shivsena in "disgust" citing importance given to money, violence committed by the Shivsainiks and Thackeray's support for Mrs.Gandhi during the 1975 emergency.[37]  There were also leaders from other castes such as Dattaji Salvi, Dattaji Nalawade and Wamanrao Mahadik, and those from the so-called lower castes such as Chaggan Bhujbal, Leeladhar Dake, Bhai Shingre and Vijay Gaonkar.[36]  Over the years, other than the Sena Chief, there have been twelve senior leaders in the party, called 'Netas'. Out of these, eight have been upper caste (four Brahmins, two CKPs and two Pathare Prabhus). Others have been either Maratha (Dattaji Salvi), Shimpi (Wamanrao Mahadik), Agri (Leeladhar Dake) or Mali (Chaggan Bhujbal). In fact, Bhujbal quit the party accusing the Sena of upper-caste bias in the leadership.[36]  The number of dalits were also not insignificant. And even after the Sena opposed the reservations proposed by the Mandal commission, there was no dent in the percentage of OBCs in the Sena. In this way, the Sena was successful in uniting all Maharashtrians irrespective of caste under the common "Marathi umbrella". The agenda of preferential treatment for the "sons of the soil" i.e. Maharashtrians brought them all together.[36]  Voter base Shiv Sena's strength mainly came from the support of the Maratha caste - which it drew away from the Congress.[25] Citing the large percentage of MLAs elected from Shiv Sena belonging to the Maratha caste, Vora from the University of Pune concludes that the Shiv Sena has been emerging as a "Maratha Party".[38]  Chief Ministers See also: List of Chief Ministers of Maharashtra Manohar Joshi - 14 March 1995 to 31 January 1999, was also Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament of India. Narayan Rane - 1 February 1999 to October 1999 Shiv Sena ministers in central Government Manohar Joshi: Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, 13th Speaker of the Lok Sabha Anandrao Vithoba Adsul: Ministry of Finance and Company Affairs Suresh Prabhu :Minister of Fertilizers and Chemicals, Ministry of Power, Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Anant Geete: Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, Minister of PowerAs the Pramukh (Chief) of the party, Bal Thackeray took all major decisions while the activists and members of the Shiv Sena Shiv Sainiks carried out most of the party's grassroots work. During his last days, the day-to-day activities of the party were handled by his youngest son Uddhav Thackeray. Aditya Thackeray, son of Uddhav Thackeray, became the leader of the Yuva Sena, the Youth Wing of the party. After Bal Thackerey's death in 2012, the party was de facto led by Uddhav Thackeray.[citation needed]  The Sena Bhavan located in the Dadar locality in Mumbai has served as the Headquarters of the Sena since 1976.[34] The Sena's shakhas (Branches) spread throughout the state of Maharashtra as well as in selected locations in other states, which decide on most of the local issues in their localities.[15]  The Sthaniya Lokadhikar Samiti[clarification needed] is affiliated with the Shiv Sena. It advocates the preservation of rights of employment for Maharashtrians in Maharashtra.[35]  Caste composition People of various Maharashtrian castes worked together in the Sena. The party's leaders mostly came from the so-called "high castes" i.e. Brahmins, CKPs and Pathare Prabhus - Thackerey, Manohar Joshi, Sudhir Joshi, Balwant Mantri, Dr Hemchandra Gupte, Shyam Deshmukh, Madhav Deshpande, Datta Pradhan, Vijay Parvatkar, Madhukar Sarpotdar and Pramod Navalkar.[36] One of the above-mentioned leaders, Dr.Hemchandra Gupte, Mayor of Bombay in the early 70s and the former family physician and confidante of Thackeray, quit Shivsena in "disgust" citing importance given to money, violence committed by the Shivsainiks and Thackeray's support for Mrs.Gandhi during the 1975 emergency.[37]  There were also leaders from other castes such as Dattaji Salvi, Dattaji Nalawade and Wamanrao Mahadik, and those from the so-called lower castes such as Chaggan Bhujbal, Leeladhar Dake, Bhai Shingre and Vijay Gaonkar.[36]  Over the years, other than the Sena Chief, there have been twelve senior leaders in the party, called 'Netas'. Out of these, eight have been upper caste (four Brahmins, two CKPs and two Pathare Prabhus). Others have been either Maratha (Dattaji Salvi), Shimpi (Wamanrao Mahadik), Agri (Leeladhar Dake) or Mali (Chaggan Bhujbal). In fact, Bhujbal quit the party accusing the Sena of upper-caste bias in the leadership.[36]  The number of dalits were also not insignificant. And even after the Sena opposed the reservations proposed by the Mandal commission, there was no dent in the percentage of OBCs in the Sena. In this way, the Sena was successful in uniting all Maharashtrians irrespective of caste under the common "Marathi umbrella". The agenda of preferential treatment for the "sons of the soil" i.e. Maharashtrians brought them all together.[36]  Voter base Shiv Sena's strength mainly came from the support of the Maratha caste - which it drew away from the Congress.[25] Citing the large percentage of MLAs elected from Shiv Sena belonging to the Maratha caste, Vora from the University of Pune concludes that the Shiv Sena has been emerging as a "Maratha Party".[38]  Chief Ministers See also: List of Chief Ministers of Maharashtra Manohar Joshi - 14 March 1995 to 31 January 1999, was also Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament of India. Narayan Rane - 1 February 1999 to October 1999 Shiv Sena ministers in central Government Manohar Joshi: Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, 13th Speaker of the Lok Sabha Anandrao Vithoba Adsul: Ministry of Finance and Company Affairs Suresh Prabhu :Minister of Fertilizers and Chemicals, Ministry of Power, Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Anant Geete: Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, Minister of Power Arvind Sawant: Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Arvind Sawant: Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public EnterprisesParty structure and caste composition Structure As the Pramukh (Chief) of the party, Bal Thackeray took all major decisions while the activists and members of the Shiv Sena Shiv Sainiks carried out most of the party's grassroots work. During his last days, the day-to-day activities of the party were handled by his youngest son Uddhav Thackeray. Aditya Thackeray, son of Uddhav Thackeray, became the leader of the Yuva Sena, the Youth Wing of the party. After Bal Thackerey's death in 2012, the party was de facto led by Uddhav Thackeray.[citation needed]  The Sena Bhavan located in the Dadar locality in Mumbai has served as the Headquarters of the Sena since 1976.[34] The Sena's shakhas (Branches) spread throughout the state of Maharashtra as well as in selected locations in other states, which decide on most of the local issues in their localities.[15]  The Sthaniya Lokadhikar Samiti[clarification needed] is affiliated with the Shiv Sena. It advocates the preservation of rights of employment for Maharashtrians in Maharashtra.[35]  Caste composition People of various Maharashtrian castes worked together in the Sena. The party's leaders mostly came from the so-called "high castes" i.e. Brahmins, CKPs and Pathare Prabhus - Thackerey, Manohar Joshi, Sudhir Joshi, Balwant Mantri, Dr Hemchandra Gupte, Shyam Deshmukh, Madhav Deshpande, Datta Pradhan, Vijay Parvatkar, Madhukar Sarpotdar and Pramod Navalkar.[36] One of the above-mentioned leaders, Dr.Hemchandra Gupte, Mayor of Bombay in the early 70s and the former family physician and confidante of Thackeray, quit Shivsena in "disgust" citing importance given to money, violence committed by the Shivsainiks and Thackeray's support for Mrs.Gandhi during the 1975 emergency.[37]  There were also leaders from other castes such as Dattaji Salvi, Dattaji Nalawade and Wamanrao Mahadik, and those from the so-called lower castes such as Chaggan Bhujbal, Leeladhar Dake, Bhai Shingre and Vijay Gaonkar.[36]  Over the years, other than the Sena Chief, there have been twelve senior leaders in the party, called 'Netas'. Out of these, eight have been upper caste (four Brahmins, two CKPs and two Pathare Prabhus). Others have been either Maratha (Dattaji Salvi), Shimpi (Wamanrao Mahadik), Agri (Leeladhar Dake) or Mali (Chaggan Bhujbal). In fact, Bhujbal quit the party accusing the Sena of upper-caste bias in the leadership.[36]  The number of dalits were also not insignificant. And even after the Sena opposed the reservations proposed by the Mandal commission, there was no dent in the percentage of OBCs in the Sena. In this way, the Sena was successful in uniting all Maharashtrians irrespective of caste under the common "Marathi umbrella". The agenda of preferential treatment for the "sons of the soil" i.e. Maharashtrians brought them all together.[36]  Voter base Shiv Sena's strength mainly came from the support of the Maratha caste - which it drew away from the Congress.[25] Citing the large percentage of MLAs elected from Shiv Sena belonging to the Maratha caste, Vora from the University of Pune concludes that the Shiv Sena has been emerging as a "Maratha Party".[38]  Chief Ministers See also: List of Chief Ministers of Maharashtra Manohar Joshi - 14 March 1995 to 31 January 1999, was also Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament of India. Narayan Rane - 1 February 1999 to October 1999 Shiv Sena ministers in central Government Manohar Joshi: Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, 13th Speaker of the Lok Sabha Anandrao Vithoba Adsul: Ministry of Finance and Company Affairs Suresh Prabhu :Minister of Fertilizers and Chemicals, Ministry of Power, Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Anant Geete: Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, Minister of Power Arvind Sawant: Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Electoral performance Election Candidates Elected Votes Source 1971 Lok Sabha 5  227,468 [39] 1980 Lok Sabha 2  129,351 [40] 1989 Lok Sabha 3 1 339,426 [41] 1989 Goa Assembly 6   4,960 [42] 1991 Uttar Pradesh Assembly 14 1 45,426 [43] 1991 Lok Sabha 22 4 2,208,712 [44] 1993 Madhya Pradesh Assembly 88  75,783 [45] 1996 Lok Sabha 132 15 4,989,994 [46] 1996 Haryana Assembly 17  6,700 [47] 1997 Punjab Assembly 3  719 [48] 1998 Lok Sabha 79 6 6,528,566 [49] 1998 Delhi Assembly 32  9,395 [50] 1998 Himachal Pradesh Assembly 6  2,827 [51] 1999 Lok Sabha 63 15 5,672,412 [52] 1999 Goa Assembly 14   5,987 [53] 2000 Odisha Assembly 16   18,794 [54] 2001 Kerala Assembly 1   279 [55] 2002 Goa Assembly 15     2004 Lok Sabha 56 12 7,056,255 [56] 2009 Lok Sabha 22 11 6,828,382 [57] 2014 Lok Sabha 20 18 10,262,981 [56] 1990 Maharashtra Assembly 183 52 47,33,834(16.39%)  1995 Maharashtra Assembly 169 73 6315493(16.39%)  1999 Maharashtra Assembly 169 69 (17.33%)  2004 Maharashtra Assembly 163 62 8351654 (19,97%)  2009 Maharashtra Assembly 160 45   2014 Maharashtra Assembly 286 63 10,235,972  2015 Bihar Assembly 80 0 2,11,131 [58][59] 2017 Goa Assembly 3 0 792 [60][61] 2019 Lok Sabha 23 18 12,589,064  Activities and criticism The Sena says it has played a central role in the emancipation of 500,000 slum dwellers in the Dharavi area of Mumbai, the largest slum in Asia. However, the policy of giving free houses to slum dwellers has been controversial since it was introduced by the then Shiv Sena-BJP government.[62][63][64][further explanation needed]  In 1970s, Shiv Sena was opposed the Namantar Andolan, a Dalit-led movement to change the name of Marathwada University in Aurangabad to "Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar University", and supported views of conservative Marathas.[65]  In 1996, Shiv Sena organised the first and only live concert of American pop icon Michael Jackson in India to raise the funds for its business wing and to help create over two-hundred seventy thousand jobs for people of Maharashtra.[66][67]  In December 2003, Shiv Sena activists damaged the cricket pitch of the Agra Sport Stadium which was supposed to host the cricket match between Pakistan and India.[68] In April 2005, Bharatiya Vidyarthi Sena, the student wing of Shiv Sena, attempted to prevent the India-Pakistan One-day international match being held in New Delhi. The protester's spokesman demanded:  India should not play cricket with Pakistan till it hands over to India 20 terrorists, including Dawood Ibrahim, and closes down militant training camps running there.[69]  On 20 November 2009, Shiv Sena activists attacked and vandalised the offices of Hindi and Marathi TV news channels IBN7 and IBN-Lokmat, located in Mumbai and Pune respectively. The Shivsainik slapped IBN7's senior editor Ravindra Ambekar and then attacked IBN-Lokmat's editor Nikhil Wagle. Shiv Sena attributed the attacks to the criticisms of Bal Thackeray by the news channel over his remarks on Sachin Tendulkar. Shiv Sena's Rajya Sabha MP Sanjay Raut described the attacks as "spontaneous". Shiv Sena spokespersons tried to justify the attacks and refused to apologize for their acts of violence.[70][71][72]  Shiv Sena got an entry in Guinness Book of World Records in 2010 for "collecting maximum blood in a day". Shiv Sena organized a blood donation camp which collected over 24,000 bottles of blood in a single day.[73][74] Later this world record was broken by a blood donation camp of HDFC Bank in 2014.[75]  In October 2015, Shiv Sena issued threats which enforced a ban on a scheduled concert by Pakistani classic singer Ghulam Ali. The move was adopted to appease anti-Pakistan constituents to vote for Sena in coming elections.[76] However, in 2015 Pakistan urged the international community to take note of the activities of Shiv Sena,[77] while Shiv Sena claimed that criticism of Shiv Sena by Pakistan vindicates "our patriotism".[78]  On 19 October 2015, Shiv Sena activists attacked and vandalised the office of BCCI to stop a meeting between PCB and BCCI officials. The activists shouted anti-Pakistan slogans and held posters that read 'Shahryar Khan go back', determined to stop Manohar from meeting his Pakistani counterpart. Shiv Sena has also threatened to stop Pakistan's Aleem Dar from officiating in the fifth and final ODI between India and South Africa.[79]  In 2015 Shiv Sena announced 10,000 rupees help to each drought-affected farmer of Marathwada region,[80] while they also announced 2 lakh rupees "reward" to Hindus family who had 5 children between 2010 and 2015 in Uttar Pradesh. As per Shiv Sena, the reason behind the "reward" was "decline in growth rate of Hindu population compared to Muslim population as per recent census".[81][82]  In April 2019, party member Sanjay Raut called for the burka to be banned.[83][84]  During the 2018 Maharashtra Council election and the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, many candidates fielded by Shiv Sena had criminal records or had criminal charges pending against them.[85][86]Leadership change Bal Thackeray's son Uddhav Thackeray became the party's leader in 2004, although Bal Thackeray continued to be an important figurehead. After the death of Bal Thackeray on 17 November 2012, Uddhav became the leader of the party but refused to take the title "Shiv Sena Pramukh" (Shiv Sena Supremo).[33]  Party structure and caste composition Structure As the Pramukh (Chief) of the party, Bal Thackeray took all major decisions while the activists and members of the Shiv Sena Shiv Sainiks carried out most of the party's grassroots work. During his last days, the day-to-day activities of the party were handled by his youngest son Uddhav Thackeray. Aditya Thackeray, son of Uddhav Thackeray, became the leader of the Yuva Sena, the Youth Wing of the party. After Bal Thackerey's death in 2012, the party was de facto led by Uddhav Thackeray.[citation needed]  The Sena Bhavan located in the Dadar locality in Mumbai has served as the Headquarters of the Sena since 1976.[34] The Sena's shakhas (Branches) spread throughout the state of Maharashtra as well as in selected locations in other states, which decide on most of the local issues in their localities.[15]  The Sthaniya Lokadhikar Samiti[clarification needed] is affiliated with the Shiv Sena. It advocates the preservation of rights of employment for Maharashtrians in Maharashtra.[35]  Caste composition People of various Maharashtrian castes worked together in the Sena. The party's leaders mostly came from the so-called "high castes" i.e. Brahmins, CKPs and Pathare Prabhus - Thackerey, Manohar Joshi, Sudhir Joshi, Balwant Mantri, Dr Hemchandra Gupte, Shyam Deshmukh, Madhav Deshpande, Datta Pradhan, Vijay Parvatkar, Madhukar Sarpotdar and Pramod Navalkar.[36] One of the above-mentioned leaders, Dr.Hemchandra Gupte, Mayor of Bombay in the early 70s and the former family physician and confidante of Thackeray, quit Shivsena in "disgust" citing importance given to money, violence committed by the Shivsainiks and Thackeray's support for Mrs.Gandhi during the 1975 emergency.[37]  There were also leaders from other castes such as Dattaji Salvi, Dattaji Nalawade and Wamanrao Mahadik, and those from the so-called lower castes such as Chaggan Bhujbal, Leeladhar Dake, Bhai Shingre and Vijay Gaonkar.[36]  Over the years, other than the Sena Chief, there have been twelve senior leaders in the party, called 'Netas'. Out of these, eight have been upper caste (four Brahmins, two CKPs and two Pathare Prabhus). Others have been either Maratha (Dattaji Salvi), Shimpi (Wamanrao Mahadik), Agri (Leeladhar Dake) or Mali (Chaggan Bhujbal). In fact, Bhujbal quit the party accusing the Sena of upper-caste bias in the leadership.[36]  The number of dalits were also not insignificant. And even after the Sena opposed the reservations proposed by the Mandal commission, there was no dent in the percentage of OBCs in the Sena. In this way, the Sena was successful in uniting all Maharashtrians irrespective of caste under the common "Marathi umbrella". The agenda of preferential treatment for the "sons of the soil" i.e. Maharashtrians brought them all together.[36]  Voter base Shiv Sena's strength mainly came from the support of the Maratha caste - which it drew away from the Congress.[25] Citing the large percentage of MLAs elected from Shiv Sena belonging to the Maratha caste, Vora from the University of Pune concludes that the Shiv Sena has been emerging as a "Maratha Party".[38]  Chief Ministers See also: List of Chief Ministers of Maharashtra Manohar Joshi - 14 March 1995 to 31 January 1999, was also Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament of India. Narayan Rane - 1 February 1999 to October 1999 Shiv Sena ministers in central Government Manohar Joshi: Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, 13th Speaker of the Lok Sabha Anandrao Vithoba Adsul: Ministry of Finance and Company Affairs Suresh Prabhu :Minister of Fertilizers and Chemicals, Ministry of Power, Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Anant Geete: Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, Minister of Power Arvind Sawant: Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Electoral performance Election Candidates Elected Votes Source 1971 Lok Sabha 5  227,468 [39] 1980 Lok Sabha 2  129,351 [40] 1989 Lok Sabha 3 1 339,426 [41] 1989 Goa Assembly 6   4,960 [42] 1991 Uttar Pradesh Assembly 14 1 45,426 [43] 1991 Lok Sabha 22 4 2,208,712 [44] 1993 Madhya Pradesh Assembly 88  75,783 [45] 1996 Lok Sabha 132 15 4,989,994 [46] 1996 Haryana Assembly 17  6,700 [47] 1997 Punjab Assembly 3  719 [48] 1998 Lok Sabha 79 6 6,528,566 [49] 1998 Delhi Assembly 32  9,395 [50] 1998 Himachal Pradesh Assembly 6  2,827 [51] 1999 Lok Sabha 63 15 5,672,412 [52] 1999 Goa Assembly 14   5,987 [53] 2000 Odisha Assembly 16   18,794 [54] 2001 Kerala Assembly 1   279 [55] 2002 Goa Assembly 15     2004 Lok Sabha 56 12 7,056,255 [56] 2009 Lok Sabha 22 11 6,828,382 [57] 2014 Lok Sabha 20 18 10,262,981 [56] 1990 Maharashtra Assembly 183 52 47,33,834(16.39%)  1995 Maharashtra Assembly 169 73 6315493(16.39%)  1999 Maharashtra Assembly 169 69 (17.33%)  2004 Maharashtra Assembly 163 62 8351654 (19,97%)  2009 Maharashtra Assembly 160 45   2014 Maharashtra Assembly 286 63 10,235,972  2015 Bihar Assembly 80 0 2,11,131 [58][59] 2017 Goa Assembly 3 0 792 [60][61] 2019 Lok Sabha 23 18 12,589,064  Activities and criticism The Sena says it has played a central role in the emancipation of 500,000 slum dwellers in the Dharavi area of Mumbai, the largest slum in Asia. However, the policy of giving free houses to slum dwellers has been controversial since it was introduced by the then Shiv Sena-BJP government.[62][63][64][further explanation needed]  In 1970s, Shiv Sena was opposed the Namantar Andolan, a Dalit-led movement to change the name of Marathwada University in Aurangabad to "Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar University", and supported views of conservative Marathas.[65]  In 1996, Shiv Sena organised the first and only live concert of American pop icon Michael Jackson in India to raise the funds for its business wing and to help create over two-hundred seventy thousand jobs for people of Maharashtra.[66][67]  In December 2003, Shiv Sena activists damaged the cricket pitch of the Agra Sport Stadium which was supposed to host the cricket match between Pakistan and India.[68] In April 2005, Bharatiya Vidyarthi Sena, the student wing of Shiv Sena, attempted to prevent the India-Pakistan One-day international match being held in New Delhi. The protester's spokesman demanded:  India should not play cricket with Pakistan till it hands over to India 20 terrorists, including Dawood Ibrahim, and closes down militant training camps running there.[69]  On 20 November 2009, Shiv Sena activists attacked and vandalised the offices of Hindi and Marathi TV news channels IBN7 and IBN-Lokmat, located in Mumbai and Pune respectively. The Shivsainik slapped IBN7's senior editor Ravindra Ambekar and then attacked IBN-Lokmat's editor Nikhil Wagle. Shiv Sena attributed the attacks to the criticisms of Bal Thackeray by the news channel over his remarks on Sachin Tendulkar. Shiv Sena's Rajya Sabha MP Sanjay Raut described the attacks as "spontaneous". Shiv Sena spokespersons tried to justify the attacks and refused to apologize for their acts of violence.[70][71][72]  Shiv Sena got an entry in Guinness Book of World Records in 2010 for "collecting maximum blood in a day". Shiv Sena organized a blood donation camp which collected over 24,000 bottles of blood in a single day.[73][74] Later this world record was broken by a blood donation camp of HDFC Bank in 2014.[75]  In October 2015, Shiv Sena issued threats which enforced a ban on a scheduled concert by Pakistani classic singer Ghulam Ali. The move was adopted to appease anti-Pakistan constituents to vote for Sena in coming elections.[76] However, in 2015 Pakistan urged the international community to take note of the activities of Shiv Sena,[77] while Shiv Sena claimed that criticism of Shiv Sena by Pakistan vindicates "our patriotism".[78]  On 19 October 2015, Shiv Sena activists attacked and vandalised the office of BCCI to stop a meeting between PCB and BCCI officials. The activists shouted anti-Pakistan slogans and held posters that read 'Shahryar Khan go back', determined to stop Manohar from meeting his Pakistani counterpart. Shiv Sena has also threatened to stop Pakistan's Aleem Dar from officiating in the fifth and final ODI between India and South Africa.[79]  In 2015 Shiv Sena announced 10,000 rupees help to each drought-affected farmer of Marathwada region,[80] while they also announced 2 lakh rupees "reward" to Hindus family who had 5 children between 2010 and 2015 in Uttar Pradesh. As per Shiv Sena, the reason behind the "reward" was "decline in growth rate of Hindu population compared to Muslim population as per recent census".[81][82]  In April 2019, party member Sanjay Raut called for the burka to be banned.[83][84]  During the 2018 Maharashtra Council election and the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, many candidates fielded by Shiv Sena had criminal records or had criminal charges pending against them.[85][86]  See alsoकल पेश करेंगे सरकार बनाने का दावा: NCP    शिवसेना, राष्ट्रवादी Congress Party और Congress शुक्रवार देर रात या शनिवार सुबह में  Maharashtra l में सरकार बनाने का दावा पेश करने जा रही हैं। NCP प्रवक्ता नवाब मलिक ने गठबंधन allianceपर स्थिति स्पष्ट करते हुए कहा है कि    तीनों parties पांच साल government चलाने को प्राथमिकता देंगी। मलिक ने आगे कहा, ‘आज शाम में तीनों पार्टियों के नेता मिल रहे हैं। वे सभी पॉइंट्स पर अंतिम Decision लेंगे। इसके बाद हम देर रात या शनिवार सुबह में  government बनाने का दावा पेश करेंगे।’  उन्होंने दोहराया किCM पद Shiv Sena को ही मिलेगा। उन Reports बारे में पूछे जाने पर जिसमें कहा जा रहा है कि Shiv Sena और NCP में CM  पद ढाई-ढाई साल तक शेयर किया जा सकता है, उन्होंने कहा किparties  के लिए यह मुद्दा महत्वपूर्ण नहीं है। मलिक ने कहा, ‘सबसे महत्वपूर्ण बात यह है कि सरकार पांच साल तक चले, लोगों की भावनाओं का सम्मान हो… हमारी प्राथमिकता जल्द से जल्द सरकार बनाने की है।’      आपको बता दें कि आज सुबह से ही  Maharashtra में सरकार गठन को लेकर प्रक्रिया तेज है, जिसके नतीजे आए करीब एक महीने होने वाले हैं। BJP के साथ Shiv Sena के तीन दशक पुराना संबंध तोड़ने के बाद राज्य मेंMराजनीतिक संकट पैदा हो गया है। मसला CM की पोस्ट को लेकर फंसा था, जिस पर BJP ने साफ कर दिया था कि वह CM पद शेयर नहीं करेगी।  यह विधानसभा चुनाव BJP और Shiv Sena  ने मिलकर लड़ा था और दोनों को क्रमश: 105 और 56 सीटें मिली थीं। 288 सदस्यीय विधानसभा चुनाव में NCP और Congress  गठबंधन किया था और उन्होंने क्रमश: 54 और 44 सीटें जीती थीं। आज बैठक में बात बन जाती है तो तीनों पार्टियां आसानी से सरकार बना लेंगी।  #Shiv Sena       #BJP       #Congress       #Ajit Pawar   #Sharad Pawar     #Maharashtra     #Shiv Sena     Shiv Sena, Nationalist Congress Party and Congress are going to stake claim to form government in Maharashtra l on Friday late night or Saturday morning. NCP spokesman Nawab Malik clarified the position on the alliance alliance, saying that the three parties would prioritize running the government for five years. Malik further said, "This evening the leaders of the three parties are meeting. They will take the final decision at all points. After this, we will stake claim to form government in the late night or Saturday morning. '    He reiterated that Shiv Sena will get the CM post. When asked about the reports that said that CM posts in Shiv Sena and NCP can be shared for two-and-a-half years, he said that this issue is not important for the parties. Malik said, "The most important thing is that the government should last for five years, respect the sentiments of the people ... Our priority is to form the government at the earliest."        Let me tell you that from this morning the process for formation of government in Maharashtra is fast, the results of which are going to be about a month. M political crisis has arisen in the state following the breakup of Shiv Sena's three-decade-old relationship with the BJP. The issue was stuck about the CM's post, on which the BJP made it clear that it would not share the CM's post.    This assembly election was fought by BJP and Shiv Sena together and both got 105 and 56 seats respectively. In the 288-member assembly elections, the NCP and Congress had formed a coalition and won 54 and 44 seats respectively. If it becomes a matter in the meeting today, then the three parties will easily form the government.
तीनों parties पांच साल government चलाने को प्राथमिकता देंगी। मलिक ने आगे कहा, ‘आज शाम में तीनों पार्टियों के नेता मिल रहे हैं। वे सभी पॉइंट्स पर अंतिम Decision लेंगे। इसके बाद हम देर रात या शनिवार सुबह में  government बनाने का दावा पेश करेंगे।’
उन्होंने दोहराया किCM पद Shiv Sena को ही मिलेगा। उन Reports बारे में पूछे जाने पर जिसमें कहा जा रहा है कि Shiv Sena और NCP में CM  पद ढाई-ढाई साल तक शेयर किया जा सकता है, उन्होंने कहा किparties  के लिए यह मुद्दा महत्वपूर्ण नहीं है। मलिक ने कहा, ‘सबसे महत्वपूर्ण बात यह है कि सरकार पांच साल तक चले, लोगों की भावनाओं का सम्मान हो… हमारी प्राथमिकता जल्द से जल्द सरकार बनाने की है।’
आपको बता दें कि आज सुबह से ही  Maharashtra में सरकार गठन को लेकर प्रक्रिया तेज है, जिसके नतीजे आए करीब एक महीने होने वाले हैं। BJP के साथ Shiv Sena के तीन दशक पुराना संबंध तोड़ने के बाद राज्य मेंMराजनीतिक संकट पैदा हो गया है। मसला CM की पोस्ट को लेकर फंसा था, जिस पर BJP ने साफ कर दिया था कि वह CM पद शेयर नहीं करेगी।
यह विधानसभा चुनाव BJP और Shiv Sena  ने मिलकर लड़ा था और दोनों को क्रमश: 105 और 56 सीटें मिली थीं। 288 सदस्यीय विधानसभा चुनाव में NCP और Congress  गठबंधन किया था और उन्होंने क्रमश: 54 और 44 सीटें जीती थीं। आज बैठक में बात बन जाती है तो तीनों पार्टियां आसानी से सरकार बना लेंगी।
#Shiv Sena       #BJP       #Congress       #Ajit Pawar   #Sharad Pawar     #Maharashtra     #Shiv Sena 

Shiv Sena, Nationalist Congress Party and Congress are going to stake claim to form government in Maharashtra l on Friday late night or Saturday morning. NCP spokesman Nawab Malik clarified the position on the alliance alliance, saying that the three parties would prioritize running the government for five years. Malik further said, "This evening the leaders of the three parties are meeting. They will take the final decision at all points. After this, we will stake claim to form government in the late night or Saturday morning. '

He reiterated that Shiv Sena will get the CM post. When asked about the reports that said that CM posts in Shiv Sena and NCP can be shared for two-and-a-half years, he said that this issue is not important for the parties. Malik said, "The most important thing is that the government should last for five years, respect the sentiments of the people ... Our priority is to form the government at the earliest."



Let me tell you that from this morning the process for formation of government in Maharashtra is fast, the results of which are going to be about a month. M political crisis has arisen in the state following the breakup of Shiv Sena's three-decade-old relationship with the BJP. The issue was stuck about the CM's post, on which the BJP made it clear that it would not share the CM's post.

This assembly election was fought by BJP and Shiv Sena together and both got 105 and 56 seats respectively. In the 288-member assembly elections, the NCP and Congress had formed a coalition and won 54 and 44 seats respectively. If it becomes a matter in the meeting today, then the three parties will easily form the government.

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